Table of Contents

  1. Abbreviations for Books of the Bible
  2. Abbreviations for Bible Translations
  3. Abbreviations for Commentaries
  4. Abbreviations for Journals
  5. Abbreviations for Publishers

Books of the Bible

Abbreviations follow the format recommended by the Society of Biblical Literature. Abbreviations for books of the Bible do not require a period.

Old Testament
GenesisGenSong of SongsSong/Cant
1-2 Samuel1-2 SamAmosAmos
1-2 Kings1-2 KgsObadiahObad
1-2 Chronicles1-2 ChrJonahJonah
Ezra EzraMicahMic
PsalmsPs or PssHaggaiHag
EcclesiastesEccl or QohMalachiMal
New Testament
MatthewMatt1-2 Thessalonians1-2 Thess
Mark Mark 1-2 Timothy1-2 Tim
1-2 Corinthians1-2 Cor1-2 Peter1-2 Pet
GalatiansGal1-3 John1-3 John


Bible Translations

Amplified BibleAMP
American Standard VersionASV
Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (Hebrew Bible)BHS (HB)
Common English BibleCEB
Contemporary English VersionCEV
Christian Standard BibleCSB
English Standard VersionESV
Good News BibleGNB
Holman Christian Standard BibleHCSB
Jerusalem BibleJB
King James VersionKJV
Living BibleLB
Lexham English BibleLEB
Septuagint (Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible)LXX
Modern Language BibleMLB
New Testament: A New Translation, James MoffattMOFFATT
Masoretic TextMT
Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament, 28th EditionNA28
New American Bible, Revised EditionNASR
New American Standard BibleNASB
New American VersionNAV
New Century VersionNCV
New English BibleNEB
New English TranslationNET
New English Translation of the SeptuagintNETS
New International Reader’s VersionNIRV
New International VersionNIV
New Jerusalem BibleNJB
Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures: The New JPS TranslationNJPS
New King James VersionNKJV
New Living TranslationNLT
New Revised Standard VersionNRSV
New Testament in Modern English, J. B. PhillipsPHILLIPS
Revised English BibleREB
Revised Standard VersionRSV
Today’s English Version (also known as Good News Bible)NEV
Today’s Living BibleTLB
Today’s New International VersionTNIV
World English BibleWEB
New Testament in Modern Speech, R. F. WeymouthWEYMOUTH
Young’s Literal TranslationYLT


Commentary Abbreviations

The following is only a partial list of abbreviations for commentaries. See the SBL Handbook of Style for a more complete list. If a commentary does not have a recognized abbreviation, write out the name of the commentary in full.

Abingdon New Testament CommentariesANTC
Abingdon Old Testament CommentariesAOTC
Anchor Bible (or Anchor Yale Bible)AB (AYBC)
Ancient Christian Commentary on ScriptureACCS
Apollos Old Testament CommentaryApOTC
Augsburg Commentary on the New TestamentACNT
Baker Exegetical Commentary on the NTBECNT
Bible Knowledge CommentaryBKC
Bible Speaks TodayBST
Black’s New Testament CommentariesBNTC
Brazos Theological CommentaryBTC
Eerdmans Critical CommentaryECC
Expositor’s Bible Commentary (and revised version)EBC (REBC)
International Critical CommentaryICC
IVP New Testament CommentaryIVPNTC
Keil and Delitzsch CommentaryK&D
New American CommentaryNAC
New Cambridge Bible CommentaryNCBC
New Century BibleNCB
New International Biblical Commentary on the NTNIBCNT
New International Biblical Commentary on the OTNIBCOT
New International Commentary on the NTNICNT
New International Commentary on the OTNICOT
New International Greek Testament CommentaryNIGTC
New Interpreter’s BibleNIB
New Jerome Bible CommentaryNJBC
New Testament LibraryNTL
NIV Application CommentaryNIVAC
Old Testament LibraryOTL
Paideia Commentaries on the New TestamentPCNT
Pillar New Testament CommentaryPNTC
Socio-Rhetorical CommentarySRC
Tyndale New Testament CommentariesTNTC
Tyndale Old Testament CommentariesTOTC
Word Biblical CommentaryWBC
Zondervan Exegetical CommentaryZEC
Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds CommentaryZIBBC


Journal Abbreviations

The following is only a partial list of abbreviations for journals. See the SBL Handbook of Style for a more complete list. If a journal does not have a recognized abbreviation, write out the name of the journal in full.

African Journal of Evangelical TheologyAJET
Asbury Theological JournalAsTJ
Asia Journal of TheologyAJT
Asian Journal of Pentecostal StudiesAJPS
Biblical Archaeology ReviewBAR
Biblical Theology BulletinBTB
Bibliotheca SacraBSac
Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental ResearchBASOR
Calvin Theological JournalCTJ
Catholic Biblical QuarterlyCBQ
Church HistoryCH
European Journal of TheologyEuroJTh
Harvard Theological ReviewHTR
Hebrew Bible and Ancient IsraelHeBAI
Horizons in Biblical TheologyHBT
Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and TheologyInt
Journal for the Study of the New TestamentJSNT
Journal for the Study of the Old TestamentJSOT
Journal of Biblical and Pneumatological ResearchJBPR
Journal of Biblical LiteratureJBL
Journal of Early Christian StudiesJECS
Journal of Pentecostal TheologyJPT
Journal of the Evangelical Theological SocietyJETS
Journal of the Jesus Movement in Its Jewish SettingJJMJS
Journal of Religious EthicsJORE
Near Eastern ArchaeologyNEA
New Testament StudiesNTS
Novum TestamentumNovT
Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal StudiesPneuma
Scottish Journal of TheologySJT
Southern Baptist Journal of TheologySBJT
Southwestern Journal of TheologySWJT
Trinity JournalTJ
Westminster Theological JournalWTJ


Publisher Abbreviations

The following is only a partial list of abbreviations for publishing houses. For a full explanation of the proper way to cite publishers, see the SBLHS2 section 6.1.4.

What follows is a list of publishing houses, followed by the main city or cities where they are located. Cities in the list that are followed by their state abbreviation will require that state abbreviation in the footnotes and bibliography of your papers. When citing a publishing house, only use the first city that is listed in title page or copyright page of the actual book. Do not include terms such as “Press,” “Publisher,” or “Publishing House” in your citations unless that part of the publisher’s name is required to avoid ambiguity from similarly-named publishing houses. Note that publishers such as Eerdmans, InterVarsity, and de Gruyter follow particular standardized rules.

Publisher NameCity/CitiesCitation Example
AbingdonNashville; New YorkNashville: Abingdon
ApollosLeicesterLeicester: Apollos
AugsburgMinneapolisMinneapolis: Augsburg
Baker AcademicGrand RapidsGrand Rapids: Baker Academic
Baker BooksGrand RapidsGrand Rapids: Baker
Baylor University PressWaco, TXWaco, TX: Baylor University Press
BloomsburyLondon; New Delhi; New York; Sydney London: Bloomsbury
BrazosGrand RapidsGrand Rapids: Brazos
BrillLeiden; BostonBoston: Brill
Cambridge University PressCambridge; New YorkNew York: Cambridge
CascadeEugene, OREugene, OR: Cascade
CrosswayWheaton, ILWheaton, IL: Crossway
de GruyterBerlinBerlin: de Gruyter
Deutsche BibelgesellschaftStuttgartStuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft
DoubledayGarden City, NY: New YorkNew York: Doubleday
EerdmansGrand RapidsGrand Rapids: Eerdmans
E.J. Brill(see Brill, above)
FortressPhiladelphiaPhiladelphia: Fortress
Harper & RowNew York; San FranciscoSan Francisco: Harper & Row
HarperCollinsNew York; San FranciscoSan Francisco: HarperCollins
HarperOneSan FranciscoSan Francisco: HarperOne
Harvard University PressCambridgeCambridge: Harper University Press
HendricksonPeabody, MAPeabody, MA: Hendrickson
InterVarsity PressDowners Grove, ILDowners Grove, IL: InterVarsity
Inter-Varsity PressLeicester; LondonLondon: Inter-Varsity Press
John KnoxAtlanta; Richmond, VAAtlanta: John Knox
KregelGrand RapidsGrand Rapids: Kregel
Mercer University PressMacon, GAMacon, GA: Mercer University Press
Mohr SiebeckTübingenTübingen: Mohr Siebeck
NelsonNashville; LondonNashville; Nelson
Orbis BooksMaryknoll, NYMaryknoll, NY: Orbis Books
Oxford University PressOxford; London; New YorkNew York: Oxford University Press
PaternosterExeter; Milton KeynesExeter: Paternoster
PaulistNew York; Mahwah, NJNew York: Paulist
PeetersLeuvenLeuven: Peeters
Penguin BooksHarmondsworth; LondonLondon: Penguin Books
PickwickPittsburgh; Eugene, ORPittsburgh: Pickwick
Prentice HallEnglewood Cliffs, NJ; Upper Saddle River, NJEnglewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall
Princeton University PressPrincetonPrinceton: Princeton University Press
Rowman & LittlefieldLanham, MDLanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield
SBL PressAtlantaAtlanta: SBL Press
Scholars PressMissoula, MT; CHico, CA; AtlantaAtlanta: Scholars Press
SCMLondonLondon: SCM
Scribner’s SonsNew YorkNew York: Scribner’s Sons
Sheffield AcademicSheffieldSheffield: Sheffield Academic
Sheffield PhoenixSheffieldSheffield: Sheffield Phoenix
SIL InternationalDallasDallas: SIL International
Smyth & HelwysMacon, GAMacon, GA: Smyth & Helwys
Society of Biblical LiteratureAtlantaAtlanta: Society of Biblical Literature
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge(see SPCK, below)
SPCKLondonLondon: SPCK
T&T ClarkEdinburgh; London; New YorkNew York: T&T Clark
Thomas Nelson(see Nelson, above)
Tyndale HouseCarol Stream, ILCarol Stream, IL: Tyndale House
Tyndale PressLondonLondon; Tyndale Press
United Bible SocietiesLondon; New York; StuttgartNew York: United Bible Societies
Walter de Gruyter(see de Gruyter, above)
WestminsterPhiladelphiaPhiladelphia: Westminster
Westminster John KnoxLouisvilleLouisville: Westminster John Knox
Wiley-BlackwellMalden, MA; ChichesterChichester: Wiley-Blackwell
William B. Eerdmans(see Eerdmans, above)
Wm. B. Eerdmans(see Eerdmans, above)
Wipf & StockEugene, OREugene, OR: Wipf & Stock
WordWaco, TX; Dallas; NashvilleDallas: Word
Yale University PressNew HavenNew Haven: Yale University Press
ZondervanGrand RapidsGrand Rapids: Zondervan



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